museum-digitalbaden-württemberg

Close

Search museums

Close

Search collections

Severus Alexander (208-235)

"Severus Alexander" (* 1. Oktober 208 in Arca Caesarea, Arqa im heutigen Libanon; † im März 235 in der Nähe von Mogontiacum) war vom 13. März 222 bis zu seinem Tod römischer Kaiser. Sein ursprünglicher Name war ’’Bassianus Alexianus’’. Ab Juni 221 nannte er sich ’’Marcus Aurelius Alexander’’, als Kaiser trug er den Namen ’’Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander’’. Die später gebräuchliche Namensform ’’Alexander Severus’’ ist nicht authentisch. Im Juni 221 wurde der noch nicht dreizehnjährige Alexander von seinem nur vier Jahre älteren Vetter, Kaiser Elagabal, zum ’’Caesar’’ erhoben und damit zum Nachfolger bestimmt. Im folgenden Jahr konnte er nach Elagabals Ermordung problemlos die Herrschaft antreten. Zeit seines Lebens stand er unter dem dominierenden Einfluss seiner Mutter Julia Mamaea. Sie war die eigentliche Herrscherin und arrangierte auch seine Ehe. Da sie sich aber weder bei den hauptstädtischen Prätorianern noch im Heer Autorität verschaffen konnte, war ihre Machtausübung stets prekär. Nach einem verlustreichen Perserkrieg mit unentschiedenem Ausgang musste der Kaiser zur Abwehr eines Germaneneinfalls an den Rhein eilen. Dort wurde ihm seine Unbeliebtheit im Heer zum Verhängnis. Er fiel mit seiner Mutter einer Soldatenmeuterei zum Opfer. Mit Alexanders Tod endete die Dynastie der Severer. Es begann die Epoche der Soldatenkaiser und mit ihr die „Reichskrise des 3. Jahrhunderts“, eine krisenhafte Verschärfung der von den Severern hinterlassenen strukturellen Probleme. - (Wikipedia 20.05.2017)

What we know

Background

son of Julia Mamaea (um 180-235)

Bibliography (about)

Objects and visualizations

Relations to objects

Show objects

Relations to actor

This actor is related (left) to objects with which other actors are related (right), too.

Was imaged Severus Alexander (208-235)
Was imaged Salus (Göttin)

Show relations to actors
Relations to places

Relations to time periods

Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0228
Created
0232
Created
0223
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0226
Created
0229
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0225 - 0227
Created
0230
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0231
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0234
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0227
Created
0230
Created
0227
Created
0231
Created
0229
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0232
Created
0232
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0230
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222
Created
0228
Created
0227
Created
0222
Created
0230
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0230
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0227
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0226
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0230
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0232
Created
0225
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0229
Created
0225 - 0227
Created
0229
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0224
Created
0222 - 0231
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0225 - ?
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0231 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0227
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0225 - 0235
Created
0222 - 0235
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0234
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0233
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0235
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0232
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0222 - 0228
Created
0228 - 0231
Created
0232
Created
0224
Created
0223
Created
0229
Created
0229
Created
0227
Created
0230
Created
0228
Created
0224
Created
0226
Created
0227
Created
0223
Created
0228
Created
0230
Created
0225
Created
0223
Created
0223
Created
0223
Created
0222
Created
0222
Created
0225
Created
0225
221 2019
Show relations to time periods