Search museums


Search collections

Otto II (955-983)

"Otto II (955 – December 7, 983), called the Red (Rufus), was Holy Roman Emperor from 973 until his death in 983. A member of the Ottonian dynasty, Otto II was the youngest and sole surviving son of Otto the Great and Adelaide of Italy.

Otto II was made joint-ruler of Germany in 961, at an early age, and his father named him co-Emperor in 967 to secure his succession to the throne. His father also arranged for Otto II to marry the Byzantine Princess Theophanu, who would be his wife until his death. When his father died after a 37-year reign, the eighteen-year-old Otto II became absolute ruler of the Holy Roman Empire in a peaceful succession. Otto II spent his reign continuing his father´s policy of strengthening Imperial rule in Germany and extending the borders of the Empire deeper into southern Italy. Otto II also continued the work of Otto I in subordinating the Catholic Church to Imperial control." - ( 31.10.2019)

What we know


son of Otto I the Great (912-973) [father of], Adelaide of Italy (931-999) [mother of]
official Emperor Holy Roman Empire
was born 955 n. Chr.
died Rome 07.12.983
was buried St. Peter's Basilica 983 n. Chr.
was buried Vatican Grotto 1618
Member Liudolfingers
Husband of Theophanu (955-991)
father of Otto III (980-1002) [son of], Theophanu (955-991) [mother of]
father of Adelaide I (977-1044) [daughter of], Theophanu (955-991) [mother of]
father of Sophia I (975-1039) [daughter of], Theophanu (955-991) [mother of]
father of Matilda of Germany, Countess Palatine of Lotharingia (979-1025) [daughter of], Theophanu (955-991) [mother of]

Sources & Mentions

Objects and visualizations



Holy Roman Empire13.7988281250000000050.58044433593750000place of actiondb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Rome12.4827775955200200041.89305496215820000Place of deathdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.07522
St. Peter's Basilica12.4533052444458000041.90219497680664000Burial placedb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Vatican Grotto12.4533329010009770041.90222167968750000Burial placedb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622

Relations to time periods

Show relations to time periods